I’ll admit before I start that media research doesn’t really compare to the FBI’s X Files unit. We don’t get to investigate unsolvable, mysterious crimes and we don’t get to carry a gun but sometimes we do need to study data to help assemble the truth regarding an industry issue. In this case, that issue is adblocking.
In February 2017, the IAB released that 22.1% of British adults online are using an adblocker. But it wasn’t quite that simple, because the research also showed that 18% of this group did not name an actual adblocker, citing instead their anti-virus software or a non-existent adblocker, when asked which software they used. This suggests that the actual number of people blocking ads in Britain is lower than 22.1% – trusting people to self-report accurately is one of the problems when using claimed survey data.
In an attempt to get as close to the truth as possible we cross referenced the IAB’s latest data with other sources from around the industry. This was complicated as different companies are conducting research in different ways, so it did genuinely feel like a mystery that needed solving.
We have summarised and drawn conclusions using adblocking data from the IAB and three other companies: eMarketer, PageFair and comScore. So, what conclusions can be drawn?
Firstly, we have added confidence in the accuracy of the IAB methodology because the results have been replicated: eMarketer's latest report from April 2016 uses a mix of both survey and traffic data and estimates levels of adblocking at 20.5% of the UK online population, encouragingly close to the IAB’s 22.1%.
Secondly, that non-survey methodologies report adblocking to be lower than eMarketer and the IAB. Both PageFair and comScore’s data is collected by tracking the presence of adblocking software on people’s devices. PageFair report 16% of the UK online population and comScore report 16% of the UK’s desktop and laptop population are using an adblocker.
Interestingly, when all respondents who didn’t name an actual adblocker are removed from the IAB data the 22.1% figure drops to 18.1%. Again, encouragingly close to PageFair and comScore’s numbers.
Thirdly, when looking at the IAB data year on year the number of people adblocking has stabilised. From the research we can’t be sure about exactly why this is but possible influencing factors are:
- Publishers denying adblocking users access to their content via either a “wall” or via technology that restricts content alongside ads (24% of respondents cited this as the main reason for switching their adblocker off).
- People spending more time on mobile devices, where adblocking levels are presently much lower compared to desk/laptops.
- Media owners improving the advertising experience they offer. For instance, by adopting the IAB LEAN principles.
One interpretation of all these data points is that adblocking isn’t accelerating at speed, as was once feared, and that less than 22.1% of British adults online are using an adblocker but, in all honesty, we don’t know for absolute certain yet. What we do know is the industry has to continue to work hard to offer audiences a high-quality experience when advertising to them online.
So, on the subject of adblocking, the truth definitely is out there and the IAB, alongside others, will continue acting as Mulder and Scully on the industry’s behalf.
George Hopkinson is senior research manager at IAB UK
IAB UK: Ad Blocking Software: Consumer Usage and Attitudes (February 2017)
eMarketer: UK Ad Blocking User Penetration, by Device 2014-2017 (April 2016)
PageFair: The 2017 Ad Block Report (February 2017)
comScore: Ad Block Market Estimation (March 2016)